During and after the Northern Ireland conflict of 1968-98, various initiatives were undertaken topromote peace and reconciliation. This chapter focuses on conciliatory and reconciliatory venturesthat involved revisiting the past. First it considers attempts, particularly by the CulturalTraditions Group, to promote a deeper understanding and appreciation of history and culturaldiversity. Second, it notes the investigations into controversial killings, and discusses the significanceof the Bloody Sunday Inquiry. Third, it considers briefly some recent initiatives to tackle thelegacy of the conflict. Finally it considers the implications for historians of reconciliation projectsthat envisage an academic input.