Peer-Reviewed Journal Details
Mandatory Fields
Haugh, MG,Vaughan, TJ,Madl, CM,Raftery, RM,McNamara, LM,O'Brien, FJ,Heilshorn, SC
2018
July
Biomaterials
Investigating the interplay between substrate stiffness and ligand chemistry in directing mesenchymal stem cell differentiation within 3D macro-porous substrates
Published
Optional Fields
Substrate stiffness Macro-porosity Differentiation Mesenchymal stem cells Mechanotransduction Tissue engineering Cell-matrix interactions COLLAGEN-GLYCOSAMINOGLYCAN SCAFFOLDS EXTRACELLULAR-MATRIX PROTEINS MECHANICAL-PROPERTIES TRACTION FORCES PORE-SIZE IN-VITRO HYDROGELS FATE HETEROGENEITY BIOMATERIALS
171
23
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Dimensionality can have a profound impact on stiffness-mediated differentiation of mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs). However, while we have begun to understand cellular response when encapsulated within 3D substrates, the behavior of cells within macro-porous substrates is relatively underexplored. The goal of this study was to determine the influence of macro-porous topographies on stiffness-mediated differentiation of MSCs. We developed macro-porous recombinant elastin-like protein (ELP) substrates that allow independent control of mechanical properties and ligand chemistry. We then used computational modeling to probe the impact of pore topography on the mechanical stimulus that cells are exposed to within these substrates, and finally we investigated stiffness induced biases towards adipogenic and osteogenic differentiation of MSCs within macro-porous substrates. Computational modeling revealed that there is significant heterogeneity in the mechanical stimuli that cells are exposed to within porous substrates and that this heterogeneity is predominantly due to the wide range of possible cellular orientations within the pores. Surprisingly, MSCs grown within 3D porous substrates respond to increasing substrate stiffness by up-regulating both osteogenesis and adipogenesis. These results demonstrate that within porous substrates the behavior of MSCs diverges from previously observed responses to substrate stiffness, emphasizing the importance of topography as a determinant of cellular behavior. (C) 2018 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
10.1016/j.biomaterials.2018.04.026
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