Peer-Reviewed Journal Details
Mandatory Fields
Tyndall, I,Ragless, L,O'Hora, D
Consciousness And Cognition
Effects of perceptual load and socially meaningful stimuli on crossmodal selective attention in Autism Spectrum Disorder and neurotypical samples
Optional Fields
Autism Spectrum Disorder Selective attention Inattentional deafness Perceptual load Load theory Crossmodal attention VISUAL-SEARCH INATTENTIONAL BLINDNESS INDIVIDUALS IRRELEVANT CHILDREN ADULTS TASK CUES INHIBITION RESPONSES
The present study examined whether increasing visual perceptual load differentially affected both Socially Meaningful and Non-socially Meaningful auditory stimulus awareness in neurotypical (NT, n = 59) adults and Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD, n = 57) adults. On a target trial, an unexpected critical auditory stimulus (CAS), either a Non-socially Meaningful (`beep' sound) or Socially Meaningful (`hi') stimulus, was played concurrently with the presentation of the visual task. Under conditions of low visual perceptual load both NT and ASD samples reliably noticed the CAS at similar rates (77-81%), whether the CAS was Socially Meaningful or Non-socially Meaningful. However, during high visual perceptual load NT and ASD participants reliably noticed the meaningful CAS (NT = 71%, ASD = 67%), but NT participants were unlikely to notice the Non-meaningful CAS (20%), whereas ASD participants reliably noticed it (80%), suggesting an inability to engage selective attention to ignore non-salient irrelevant distractor stimuli in ASD.
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