Conference Publication Details
Mandatory Fields
Des Brennan, Helena Coughlan, Eoin Clancy, Nikolay Dimov, Thomas Barry, David Kinahan, Jens Ducrée, Terry J Smith, Paul Galvin
Biomedical Circuits and Systems Conference (BioCAS)
Development of a system for on-disc isothermal in vitro amplification and detection of bacterial RNA
2017
October
Published
1
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Optional Fields
1
4
Torino, Italy
We present a centrifugal microfluidic “Lab-on-a-Disc” (LoaD) system capable of implementing nucleic acid in vitro amplification using non-contact heating and fluorescence detection. The system functionality is verified by implementing a Nucleic Acid Sequence Based Amplification (NASBA) reaction, targeting the tmRNA transcript of Haemophilus influenzae. The NASBA assay incorporates fluorescent molecular beacon probes reporting target tmRNA amplification for endpoint detection. The system implements non-contact IR heating, to heat the NASBA reaction to the required target temperatures during denaturation and amplification steps. The LoaD control system facilitates spin speed and chamber positioning for heating and fluorescence detection. The LoaD alignment system uses magnetic fields to locate and lock the chamber in the required position (heating or detection). The NASBA assay was implemented on the system using Haemophilus influenzae tmRNA over the range 102–104 cell equivalent (CE) units. For comparison, identical qNASBA assays were implemented on a Roche LightCycler 2.0 over this concentration range. The motivation for such systems is to implement fast point of care tests in a healthcare setting. Rapid H. Influenzae identification is crucial for efficient treatment to avoid serious health effects (e.g. childhood meningitis). Molecular diagnostic tests offer the sensitivity and speed required for such applications.
10.1109/BIOCAS.2017.8325071
Grant Details
Science Foundation Ireland (SFI)
Publication Themes
Biomedical Science and Engineering