Shakespeare’s Ovid and the Spectre of the Medieval takes a fresh approach to the much-discussed Ovidianism of early modern England’s most celebrated author. Drawing its principal examples from The Two Gentlemen of Verona, The Taming of the Shrew, Romeo and Juliet, Lucrece, and Twelfth Night, it reinvestigates a selection of moments in Shakespeare’s works that have been widely identified in existing scholarship as ‘Ovidian’. More particularly, it samples their literary alchemy with an eye to uncovering how ostensibly classical references may be haunted by the under-acknowledged, spectral presences of medieval intertexts and traditions. This book, which represents contemporary scholarship’s first comprehensive attempt to account for the Middle English literary lenses through which Shakespeare and his contemporaries often approached Greco-Roman mythology, is centrally concerned with the mutual hauntings of Ovid, Geoffrey Chaucer, and John Gower in the early modern literary imagination. A series of case studies demonstrate that ‘Ovidian’ allusions to mythological figures such as Ariadne, Philomela, or Narcissus in Shakespeare’s dramatic and poetic works were sometimes simultaneously mediated by the hermeneutic and affective legacies of earlier vernacular texts such as The Legend of Good Women, Troilus and Criseyde, and the Confessio Amantis.