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Maguire, AR,O'Leary, P,Harrington, F,Lawrence, SE,Blake, AJ
2001
October
Journal Of Organic Chemistry
Dynamic equilibria in the products of intramolecular Buchner additions of diazoketones to aryl rings bearing methoxy substituents
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Optional Fields
DIAZOMETHYL KETONES CATALYZED-REACTIONS CYCLOADDITION STEREOCONTROL DECOMPOSITION NORCARADIENE CARBENES
66
7166
7177
Rhodium carboxylate catalyzed aromatic addition reactions of a range of diazoketones bearing methoxy-substituted aryl rings have been explored. While the existence of norcaradiene-cycloheptatriene equilibria in related compounds is well established, the aromatic addition products in this study display more complex dynamic equilibria due to conjugation with the methoxy group; the experimental evidence for this is discussed in detail. In the azulenone products 21-26 derived from p-methoxy-substituted diazoketones 14-16, the diastereomers interconvert via a spiro intermediate 39. A related mechanistic process in the azulenones 43-46 derived from the o-methoxy-substituted diazoketones 17, 18 interconverts regioisomers, explaining the conflicting reports for the regioselectivity of the cyclization of diazoketone 1. With the m-methoxy-substituted diazoketone 19, involvement of the methoxy group through a different pathway results in fragmentation of the azulenone to form the tetralone 47. With the azulenones 21-26 exclusive trapping of the norcaradiene associated with the less thermodynamically stable diastereomers in a cycloadduct with N-phenylmaleimide is observed. Due to the presence of the activating methoxy substituent on the aromatic ring, the aromatic addition reactions of the diazoketones studied were not very sensitive to the nature of the rhodium catalyst.
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