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Harkin, A,Hynes, MJ,Masterson, E,Kelly, JP,O'Donnell, JM,Connor, TJ
2003
March
Immunopharmacology And Immunotoxicology
A toxicokinetic study of nickel-induced immunosuppression in rats
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Optional Fields
nickel cytokine immune system immunosuppression lymphocytes macrophage WHOLE-BLOOD CYTOKINES IL-1-BETA DIRECT STIMULATION IFN-GAMMA TNF-ALPHA GM-CSF RESPONSES SECRETION CHROMIUM IMMUNITY
25
655
670
The aim of the present study was to investigate dose- and time-dependent effects of NiCl2 on T-lymphocyte and macrophage-derived cytokine production in rats. Moreover we have determined the concentrations of nickel in the plasma that are required to elicit alterations in T-lymphocyte and macrophage function. NiCl2 suppressed T-lymphocyte proliferation and Th1 (IFN-gamma) and Th2 (IL-10) cytokine production in a dose- and time-dependent fashion. In addition, NiCl2 inhibited production of the pro-inflammatory cytokine TNF-alpha and increased production of the anti-inflammatory cytokine IL-10 from lipopolysaccharide (LPS) stimulated cultures. We have determined that the minimal plasma concentrations of nickel required to provoke immunosuppression are in the range 209-585 ng/mL. In the time-course study NiCl2 (3.3 mg/kg) provoked immunological changes that were maximal I It following administration, and some of these changes persisted for up to 24 h post administration. Overall these data clearly demonstrate that NiCl2 suppresses T-cell function and promotes an immunosuppressive macrophage phenotype in rats. This study also indicates that measuring T-cell proliferation is as sensitive a marker of NiCl2-induced immunotoxicity as measuring T-cell or macrophage cytokine production. Co-measurement of circulating nickel concentrations and immune parameters yields valuable information with regard to the potency of nickel to alter immune function in vivo. These data also suggest that quite a large quantity of nickel needs to reach the systemic circulation before any adverse effects on immune function are observed.
DOI 10.1081/IPH-120026448
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