During development there is a clear correlation between position of dividing progenitor cells, mode of division and developmental potential, suggesting that the local environment of progenitor cells may influence their cell fate [Guillemot, F., 2005. Cellular and molecular control of neurogenesis in the mammalian telencephalon. Curr. Opin. Cell Biol. 17 (6), 639-647]. The contribution of these conditions was investigated here by transplantation of radial glial progenitor cells into isotopic, isochronic, heterotopic and heterochronic environment conditions. Neuronal cells were removed from E14 spinal cords using negative immunoselection. The remaining radial glia were transplanted into the ventricular system of host embryos and pups. Distance of migration as well as morphological and antigenic phenotype of transplanted radial glia was examined after various survival times post transplantation. Host age clearly influenced migration and differentiation of transplant cells, with transplant cells migrating further in younger hosts and differentiating earlier in older aged host environments. Evidence is presented showing that most transplanted spinal cord radial glia give rise to astrocytes. In addition some transplanted radial glia were shown to give rise to neurons in spinal cord regions. Radial glia did not appear to generate neurons in the brains of host animals until postnatal ages, perhaps because transplanted radial glia were isolated from spinal cord and thus may not have been influenced to behave as endogenous radial glia in the brain which commonly produce neurons. (c) 2006 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.