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Brock, P,Sparmann, G,Ritter, T,Jaster, R,Liebe, S,Emmrich, J
Journal Of Cellular And Molecular Medicine
Adenovirus-mediated gene transfer of interleukin-4 into pancreatic stellate cells promotes interleukin-10 expression
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adenoviral gene transfer interleukin 4 interleukin 10 pancreatic stellate cells RAT PANCREAS THERAPY PROLIFERATION INFILTRATE CYTOKINES FIBROSIS VECTORS DISEASE UPDATE IL-10
Pancreatic stellate cells (PSC) are crucially involved in the development of fibrosis, a hallmark of chronic pancreatitis. Therefore, PSC represent an attractive target for the modulation of cellular functions providing the prerequisite for the establishment of novel therapeutic strategies like transfer of genetic material to the cells. Based on recent studies suggesting that the chronic course of pancreatitis is associated with immune deviation towards a Th 1 cytokine profile, we have investigated the applicability of primary PSC to an adenovirus-mediated transfer of the cDNA encoding the Th2 cytokine interleukin (IL) 4 and the autocrine-acting effects of IL 4 on the cells in vitro. The transduction of primary PSC with a replication-incompetent adenovirus type 5 vector carrying the cDNA encoding rat IL-4 resulted in a distinct expression of the cytokine on mRNA and protein level for two weeks. Similar to recombinant IL 4, effects of the endogenously synthesized cytokine were mediated by the signal transducer and activator of transcription (STAT)6. Interestingly, beside the increase of PSC proliferation, IL 4 transduction was accompanied by an up-regulation in the endogenous expression of the anti-inflammatory cytokine IL 10. In summary, our data suggest that PSC are suitable targets for gene therapy modulating cellular interactions in the pancreas.
DOI 10.2755/jcmm010.004.03
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