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Williams, L,O'Connor, RC,Howard, S,Hughes, BM,Johnston, DW,Hay, JL,O'Connor, DB,Lewis, CA,Ferguson, E,Sheehy, N,Grealy, MA,O'Carroll, RE
2008
January
Journal Of Psychosomatic Research
Type-D personality mechanisms of effect: The role of health-related behavior and social support
Published
()
Optional Fields
cardiovascular disease health-related behavior neuroticism social support type-D personality CORONARY-HEART-DISEASE WESTERN COLLABORATIVE GROUP FOLLOW-UP EXPERIENCE MYOCARDIAL-INFARCTION NEGATIVE EMOTIONS CARDIAC EVENTS MORTALITY PROGNOSIS DEPRESSION RISK
64
63
69
Objective: To (a) investigate the prevalence of type-D personality (the conjoint effects of negative affectivity and social inhibition) in a healthy British and Irish population; (b) to test the influence of type-D on health-related behavior, and (c) to determine if these relationships are explained by neuroticism. Methods: A cross-sectional design was employed; 1012 healthy young adults (225 males, 787 females, mean age 20.5 years) from the United Kingdom and Ireland completed measures of type-D personality, health behaviors, social support, and neuroticism. Results: The prevalence of type-D, was found to be 38.5%, significantly higher than that reported in other European countries. In addition, type-D individuals reported performing significantly fewer health-related behaviors and lower levels of social support than non-type-D individuals. These relationships remained significant after controlling for neuroticism. Conclusion: These findings provide new evidence on type-D and suggest a role for health-related behavior in explaining the link between type-D and poor clinical prognosis in cardiac patients. (c) 2008 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
DOI 10.1016/j.jpsychores.2007.06.008
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