The Republic of Ireland is characterised by few urban conurbations and a high rural population, including significant numbers of island dwellers. Information communication technologies (ICT), including telemedicine, present opportunities to address rural health-service delivery issues. As in other Countries, the recent National Health Information Strategy is regarded as pivotal to the modernisation of the Irish healthcare system. There is, however, a dearth of research about telemedicine in Ireland. This paper reports, to the best of our knowledge, the first systematic review of telemedicine in the two regional healthboards in the Republic of Ireland. Details of I I telemedicine services, all initiated by local policy, will be presented. Results of an interview study with service providers about their experiences of the practices and processes involved in telemedicine service delivery are also provided. The focus of our analysis is two-fold. We assess the resonance of these Irish data with the international literature with particular reference to a recently developed model for the normalisation of telemedicine. For the first time, this model which was developed in the United Kingdom is applied to a fresh set of empirical data in a different healthcare context. We then discuss a number of health information policy issues for Ireland and elsewhere arising from our analysis. (c) 2005 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.