Peer-Reviewed Journal Details
Mandatory Fields
Devlin, S,Leader, G,Healy, O
Research In Autism Spectrum Disorders
Comparison of behavioral intervention and sensory-integration therapy in the treatment of self-injurious behavior
Optional Fields
Autism Negative reinforcement Sensory-integration therapy Behavioral intervention REDUCTION CHILDREN
The current study investigates the comparative effects of sensory-integration therapy and behavioral interventions on rates of self-injurious behavior (SIB) in a 9-year-old boy with diagnosis of autism. A functional analysis was conducted to identify the variables maintaining the self-injurious behavior. This analysis demonstrated that SIB was maintained by negative reinforcement as a result of escaping or avoiding demand Situations. A sensory-integration therapy and a behavioral intervention were compared within an alternating treatments design. Results from this study clearly demonstrate that the behavioral intervention was more effective in reducing SIB than the sensory-integration therapy. Finally, in the best treatment phase, the behavioral intervention only was implemented and further reduction was observed in the frequency of SIB. (C) 2008 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
DOI 10.1016/j.rasd.2008.06.004
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