Peer-Reviewed Journal Details
Mandatory Fields
Coffey, R,Cummins, E,O' Flaherty, V,Cormican, M
2010
January
Human And Ecological Risk Assessment
Pathogen Sources Estimation and Scenario Analysis Using the Soil and Water Assessment Tool (SWAT)
Published
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Optional Fields
SWAT pathogen modeling waterborne pathogens pathogen source estimation scenario analysis MICROBIAL SOURCE TRACKING ESCHERICHIA-COLI TREATMENT PLANTS FECAL BACTERIA GIARDIA CYSTS LAND-USE WASTE TRANSPORT REMOVAL MODEL
16
913
933
Concerns over water quality in Ireland have increased in recent years, in part due to the more frequent contamination of drinking water by pathogens such as Escherichia coli and Cryptosporidium. The objective of this study was to assess the use of SWAT for pathogen source estimation and to analyze the effects of various source scenarios on pathogen outputs in Irish catchments. Two agricultural catchments in Ireland susceptible to pathogen contamination of source water were the center of the SWAT model development with the primary focus on levels of E. coli in surface water. Model simulations used site and source specific information which was analyzed considering the total E. coli count for the simulation period (Fergus: January 2005-October 2006; Kilshanvey: January 2006-July 2007). Pathogen source estimation identified point sources as the most significant contributors to E. coli output with direct deposition the primary contributor (95%) in Kilshanvey and wastewater treatment plant outflow (89%) the main contributor in the Fergus catchment. A scenario analysis evaluated possible situations that may occur in study locations. The analysis indicated that restriction of livestock access to water sources and improved wastewater treatment would represent effective methods of improving water quality in both catchments.
DOI 10.1080/10807039.2010.502051
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