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Mandatory Fields
Huang, RJ,Yang, L,Cao, JJ,Wang, QY,Tie, XX,Ho, KF,Shen, ZX,Zhang, RJ,Li, GH,Zhu, CS,Zhang, NN,Dai, WT,Zhou, JM,Liu, SX,Chen, Y,Chen, J,O'Dowd, CD
2017
September
Science Of The Total Environment
Concentration and sources of atmospheric nitrous acid (HONO) at an urban site in Western China
Published
WOS: 9 ()
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Nitrous acid Nitrogen oxides Heterogeneous conversion HONO source and formation PEARL RIVER DELTA MISSING OH SOURCE HO2 CONCENTRATIONS CHEMICAL-COMPOSITION MEGAPOLI SUMMER FIELD CAMPAIGN DAYTIME SOURCE HAZE EVENTS NORTH CHINA NO2
593
165
172
Highly time-resolved measurements of nitrous acid (HONO) were carried out with a highly sensitive long path absorption photometer (LOPAP) at an urban site of Xi'an in Western China from 24 July to 6 August 2015 to investigate the atmospheric variations, sources, and formation pathways of HONO. The concentrations of HONO vary from 0.02 to 43 ppbv with an average of 1.12 ppbv for the entire measurement period. The variation trends of HONO and NO2 are very similar and positively correlated which, together with the similar diurnal profiles of HONO/NO2 ratio and HONO, suggest the importance of heterogeneous conversion of HONO from NO2. The nocturnal HONO level is governed by heterogeneous formation from NO2, followed by homogeneous formation of NO with OH and then by direct emissions. Further, it is found that the heterogeneous formation of HONO is largely affected by relative humidity and aerosol surface. Daytime HONO budget analysis indicates that an additional unknown source with HONO production rate of 0.75 ppbv h(-1) is required to explain the observed HONO concen-HONO source and formation tration, which contributes 60.8% of the observed daytime HONO. (C) 2017 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
10.1016/j.scitotenv.2017.02.166
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