Peer-Reviewed Journal Details
Mandatory Fields
Fives, A
2009
October
Philosophy & Social Criticism
Reasonable, agonistic, or good? The character of a democrat
Published
()
Optional Fields
agonism good liberalism mutual respect perfectionism postmodernism reason reasonable universality virtue CONSENSUS
35
961
983
Postmodernists reject what they call the universalist-rationalist framework of liberalism. When they do defend liberal democracy, they do so in a contextualist manner (within a 'form of life') and on the basis of contestation ('agonism'). Liberals are right to charge postmodernism with self-contradiction, relativism, and immoralism. It is also argued in this article that liberalism and postmodernism are incompatible, and therefore, they cannot be joined together in response to the hegemonic construction of democratic debate. However, liberals are caught in a bind as they insist on impartiality but also believe the exercise of virtue (reasonableness, mutual respect) is a requirement of rational dialogue. This article argues that perfectionism (objectivism) in value judgements is required both to insist that virtuousity is a requirement of rationality and to reject postmodernism. However, it must be possible to separate perfectionism from two features of Alasdair MacIntyre's Aristotelianism: he is hostile to liberal rights and his contextualism results in relativism.
DOI 10.1177/0191453709340639
Grant Details
Publication Themes