Peer-Reviewed Journal Details
Mandatory Fields
Ter Bogt, T.F.M., Mulder, J., Raaijmakers, Q.A.W. & Nic Gabhainn, S.
2011
April
Psychology Of Music
Moved by music: a typology of music listeners.
Published
()
Optional Fields
emotions during listening internalizing problems music taste music uses typology of music listeners HEAVY-METAL MUSIC EVERYDAY LIFE POP MUSIC ADOLESCENTS PREFERENCES MEDIA PERSONALITY PERCEPTION EMOTIONS SUICIDE
39
147
163
A typology of music listeners was constructed on the basis of importance attributed to music and four types of music use: mood enhancement; coping with problems; defining personal identity; and marking social identity. Three Listener Groups were identified through Latent Class Analysis of internet survey data of 997 Dutch respondents, aged 12-29. High-Involved listeners (19.7%) experienced music as a very important medium and used music most often for mood enhancement, coping with distress, identity construction and social identity formation. Medium- (74.2%) and Low- Involved (6.1%) listeners formed two distinct groups with less intense importance/use patterns Furthermore, High-Involved listeners reported that they liked a broad range of genres (Pop, Rock, High Brow, Urban and Dance) and experienced the most intense positive affect when listening. However, both High- and Medium-Involved listeners also reported more negative affects (anger and sadness) when listening, compared to the Low-Involved group. Even the Low-Involved group listened frequently to music and used music as a mood enhancer. Generally, people who are 'moved by music', either positively or negatively, use it for mood enhancement and coping more often. Therefore, the High-Involved group seems to benefit most from music's capacity to enliven and enlighten life.
DOI 10.1177/0305735610370223
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