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Chonghaile, MN,Higgins, BD,Costello, JF,Laffey, JG
2008
December
Critical Care Medicine
Hypercapnic acidosis attenuates severe acute bacterial pneumonia-induced lung injury by a neutrophil-independent mechanism
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acute lung injury hypercapnic acidosis rat acute respiratory distress syndrome pneumonia sepsis RESPIRATORY-DISTRESS-SYNDROME ESCHERICHIA-COLI PNEUMONIA VENTILATOR-ASSOCIATED PNEUMONIA INTRACELLULAR PH THERAPEUTIC HYPERCAPNIA RISK-FACTORS POLYMORPHONUCLEAR NEUTROPHILS PULMONARY-CIRCULATION CARBON-DIOXIDE RATS
36
3135
3144
Objective: Deliberate induction of hypercapnic acidosis protects against lung injury after nonseptic lung injury. In contrast, concerns exist regarding the effects of hypercapnic acidosis in the setting of severe pulmonary sepsis. The potential for the effects of hypercapnic acidosis to be neutrophil-mediated remains to be determined. We investigated whether hypercapnic acidosis-induced by adding CO2 to inspired gas-would protect against severe acute lung injury induced by pulmonary Escherichia coli instillation and the role of neutrophils in mediating this effect.Design: Prospective randomized animal study.Setting. University Research Laboratory.Subjects: Adult male Sprague-Dawley rats.Interventions. In series 1, after induction of anesthesia and tracheostomy placement, animals were randomized to normocapnia (FICO2 0.00, n = 12) or hypercapnic acidosis (FICO2 0.05, n = 12). E coli (0.5-3.0 x 10(15) colony-forming units) was instilled intratracheally and the animals were ventilated for 6 hrs to allow a severe acute lung injury to evolve. In series 2, animals were randomized to neutrophil depletion or nondepletion before bacterial instillation, in a three-group design: normocapnia alone (Normo + polymorphonuclear neutrophils [PMN], n = 9), normocapnia with neutrophil depletion (Normo - PMN, n = 9), or hypercapnic acidosis with neutrophil depletion (hypercapnic acidosis - PMN, n = 9). After intratracheal E coli administration these animals were also ventilated for 6 hrs.Results: Hypercapnic acidosis protected against evolving pneumonia-induced acute lung injury, attenuating the increase in airway pressure, and the decrement in lung compliance and arterial P0(2). However, hypercapnic acidosis did not reduce histologic injury, Hypercapnic acidosis also protected against evolving pneumonia-induced acute lung injury in the presence of neutrophil depletion, reducing both physiologic and histologic indices of lung injury.Conclusions: Hypercapnic acidosis reduces indices of intratracheal E coli induced lung injury by a mechanism that seems to be neutrophil-independent. (Crit Care Med 2008; 36:3135-3144)
DOI 10.1097/CCM.0b013e31818f0d13
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