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Vana, M,Ehn, M,Petaja, T,Vuollekoski, H,Aalto, P,de Leeuw, G,Ceburnis, D,O'Dowd, CD,Kulmala, M
2008
November
Atmospheric Research
Characteristic features of air ions at Mace Head on the west coast of Ireland
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Nucleation Atmospheric ions Marine aerosols Particle formation and growth ATMOSPHERIC PARTICLES MOLECULAR CLUSTERS INTERMEDIATE IONS AEROSOL FORMATION CHARGING STATE BOREAL FOREST NUCLEATION NANOPARTICLES MOBILITY GROWTH
90
278
286
Coastal nucleation events and behavior of cluster ions were characterized through the measurements of air ion mobility distributions at the Mace Head research station on the west coast of Ireland in 2006. We measured concentrations of cluster ions and charged aerosol particles in the size range of 0.34-40 nm. These measurements allow us to characterize freshly nucleated charged particles with diameters smaller than 3 nm. The analysis shows that bursts of intermediate ions (1.6-7 nm) are a frequent phenomenon in the marine coastal environment. Intermediate ion concentrations were generally close to zero, but during some nucleation episodes the concentrations increased to several hundreds per cm(3). Nucleation events occurred during most of the measurement days. We classified all days into one of seven classes according to the occurrence and type of new particle formation. Nucleation events were observed during 207 days in 2006, most prominently in the spring and summer months. Rain-induced events, in turn, were observed during 132 days. Particle formation and growth events mostly coincided with the presence of low tide. Also small cluster ions (0.34-1.6 nm) were characterized. Average concentrations of small ions were 440 cm(-3) for the negative ions and 423 cm(-3) for the positive ions. Average mean mobilities of small ions were 1.86 cm(2)V(-1)s(-1) and 1.49 cm(2)V(-1)s(-1) for the negative and positive polarities, respectively. Concentrations of small ions were observed to be strongly dependent on the variations of meteorological parameters including wind speed and direction. (c) 2008 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
DOI 10.1016/j.atmosres.2008.04.007
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