Peer-Reviewed Journal Details
Mandatory Fields
Grey, I,Healy, O,Leader, G,Hayes, D
2009
March
Research In Developmental Disabilities
Using a Time Timer (TM) to increase appropriate waiting behavior in a child with developmental disabilities
Published
()
Optional Fields
Delayed reinforcement Developmental disabilities Time Timer (TM) SELF-CONTROL DELAYED REINFORCEMENT
30
359
366
This study aimed to examine the use of a predictive stimulus (Time Timer (TM)) and delayed reinforcement to increase appropriate waiting behavior in a child with developmental disabilities and problem behavior maintained by access to tangible items and activities. The study employed a changing criterion design across settings to gradually increase reinforcement delay from 1 s to 10 min. Firstly a baseline phase was conducted to measure the duration of appropriate waiting behavior to access tangible reinforcers/activities. Phase 2 involved the use of a red cue card and the verbal instruction "wait". Phase 3 involved the introduction of the Time Timer (TM) with the cue card attached, and the verbal instruction "wait". Finally, Phase 4 utilised the Time Timer (TM) without the cue card. This method was an effective strategy for increasing appropriate waiting behavior with this participant in a school setting. The role of adding a concurrent activity during the reinforcement delay, using cues to predict reinforcement, future generalization, maintenance and the teaching of functionally equivalent skills are discussed. (C) 2008 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
DOI 10.1016/j.ridd.2008.07.001
Grant Details
Publication Themes