Peer-Reviewed Journal Details
Mandatory Fields
O Halloran, DM,Russell, JC,Griffin, M,Pandit, AS
2006
June
Tissue Engineering
Characterization of a microbial transglutaminase cross-linked type II collagen scaffold
Published
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Optional Fields
STREPTOVERTICILLIUM-MOBARAENSE BIOLOGICAL STABILITY POROUS SCAFFOLDS LINKING AGENTS MATRIX STABILIZATION PURIFICATION PROTEINS GELATIN METALLOPROTEINASES
12
1467
1474
This study investigated the effect on the mechanical and physicochemical properties of type II collagen scaffolds after cross-linking with microbial transglutaminase (mTGase). It is intended to develop a collagen-based scaffold to be used for the treatment of degenerated intervertebral discs. By measuring the amount of epsilon-(gamma-glutamyl) lysine isodipeptide formed after cross-linking, it was determined that the optimal enzyme concentration was 0.005% (w/v). From the production of covalent bonds induced by mTGase cross-linking, the degradation resistance of type II collagen scaffolds can be enhanced. Rheological analysis revealed an almost sixfold increase in storage modulus (G') with 0.005% (w/v) mTGase cross-linked scaffolds (1.31 +/- 0.03 kPa) compared to controls (0.21 +/- 0.01 kPa). There was a significant reduction in the level of cell-mediated contraction of scaffolds with increased mTGase concentrations. Cell proliferation assays showed that mTGase crosslinked scaffolds exhibited similar cytocompatibility properties in comparison to non-cross-linked scaffolds. In summary, cross-linking type II collagen with mTGase imparted more desirable properties, making it more applicable for use as a scaffold in tissue engineering applications.
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