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Butler, RN,Fahy, AM,Fox, A,Stephens, JC,McArdle, P,Cunningham, D,Ryder, A
2006
July
Journal Of Organic Chemistry
One-pot synthesis of fluorescent 2,5-dihydro-1,2,3-triazine derivatives from a cascade rearrangement sequence in the reactions of 1,2,3-triazolium-1-aminide 1,3-dipoles with propiolate esters
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AZOLIUM 1,3-DIPOLES MECHANISM KINETICS WATER FLUOROPHORES
71
5679
5687
The reactions of 1,2,3-triazolium-1-aminides 1 ( readily available from benzil bishydrazones) with propiolate esters leads to fluorescent 2,5-dihydro-1,2,3-triazine derivatives 2, 3 in one pot. These synthetic reactions can be carried out in acetone, in water, or under solvent-free conditions. The reactions involve a Huisgen cycloaddition followed by a sequence of rearrangements. The final ring-expansion step was blocked by linking a six-methylene hydrocarbon chain between the prospective 1,2,3-triazine C-4 and C-6 atoms, using substrate 8 which gave the fused tricyclic azapropellane product 9 exclusively. X-ray crystal structures were determined for two 2,5-dihydro-1,2,3-triazine derivatives and for compound 9. The UV absorption of the 1,2,3-triazine derivatives showed a dual absorption at ca. 310 and ca. 390 nm with fluorescent emission at ca. 480 and 528 nm ( for excitation at 317 nm). The significant Stokes shift of ca. 200 nm shows the potential for biological fluorescent labeling experiments.
DOI 10.1021/jo060752x
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