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Irina Ruppo
"What's Wrong with Medievalism: Tolkien, the Strugatsky Brothers, and the Question of the Ideology of Fantasy", Journal of the Fantastic in the Arts 27:2, pp.205-224.
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This article addresses the question of the ideology of medievalist fantasy genre through an analysis of Hard to Be a God (1963) by Arkady and Boris Strugatsky with references to J. R. R. Tolkienís The Lord of the Rings. Once we step outside the English-speaking tradition and the various Western ideological trends of the fantasy boom years, the following aspects of medievalist fantasy become particularly apparent: its descent from the historical novels of the nineteenth century, its concern with historiography, and its relation to the pan-European cultural revivalist movements. As a hybrid text, part fantasy and part science fiction, Hard to Be a God offers insights on the ideological tendencies and challenges of medievalist fantasy.
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