Executive SummaryIntroduction and MethodsThis report presents the main findings on the mental health and social well-being of Irish adultsfrom the 2007 Survey of Lifestyle, Attitudes and Nutrition (SLÁN 2007). The SLÁN 2007 survey,commissioned by the Department of Health and Children, involved face-to-face interviewsat home addresses with 10,364 respondents (62% response rate), aged 18 years and over;full details are given in the SLÁN 2007 Main Report (Morgan et al, 2008). This sample wasrepresentative of the general population in Ireland and was further weighted, for the purposeof analysis, to match the Census 2006 figures. SLÁN 2007 is, therefore, the largest nationalsurvey to date on the extent of both positive and negative mental health and social well-beingin the Irish adult population.The present study aims:• to determine the levels of mental health in the Irish adult population, including positivemental health, psychological distress, major depressive disorder, generalised anxietydisorder, reported self-harm and perceived stigma;• to consider the influence of socio-demographic variables on reported levels of mentalhealth;• to determine the levels of social well-being in the Irish adult population, including levelsof quality of life, social support, loneliness, community involvement and neighbourhoodperceptions;• to consider the influence of socio-demographic variables on reported levels of socialwell-being;• to explore the relationships between mental health, social well-being, physical health andselected health behaviours;• to consider the policy and practice implications of the study's findings.Employing the recommended mental health indicators for Europe developed by the STAKESMindful project (Lavikainen et al, 2006), respondents were asked a series of questions ondifferent aspects of mental health, including:• positive mental health and well-being – including a sense of positive experience of energyand vitality in the past 4 weeks;• non-specific psychological distress – relating to common mental health problems,including feeling down, nervous, tense and unhappy in the last 4 weeks;• symptoms of major depressive disorder and generalised anxiety disorder (i.e. diagnosableclinical conditions) experienced in the last 12 months.A number of questions were also included on deliberate self-harm and perceived stigma ofexperiencing mental health problems.In addition, respondents were asked a number of questions on social well-being, includingperceived quality of life, loneliness, social support, community involvement and neighbourhoodperceptions.This report presents the findings on mental health and social well-being, and considers the
influence of key socio-demographic variables, including age, gender, social class, education income, residential location, employment status and marital status. The relationships betweenmental health, social well-being, self-rated health and selected health behaviours from the main
survey are also examined.