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Manferdini, C,Paolella, F,Gabusi, E,Gambari, L,Piacentini, A,Filardo, G,Fleury-Cappellesso, S,Barbero, A,Murphy, M,Lisignoli, G
2017
July
Osteoarthritis And Cartilage
Adipose stromal cells mediated switching of the pro-inflammatory profile of M1-like macrophages is facilitated by PGE2: in vitro evaluation
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Synovitis Adipose mesenchymal stromal cells Monocytes/macrophages Inflammation Osteoarthritis MESENCHYMAL STEM-CELLS SYNOVIAL MACROPHAGES OSTEOARTHRITIC SYNOVIUM ACTIVATION RESPONSES TISSUE SYNOVIOCYTES CHONDROCYTES EXPRESSION INFILTRATE
25
1161
1171
Objective: To define if adipose mesenchymal stromal cell (ASC) treatment mediated switching of the proinflammatory profile ofM1-like macrophages as a means to develop a tailored in vitro efficacy/potency test.Design: We firstly performed immunohistochemical analysis of CD68, CD80 (M1-like) and CD206 (M2like) macrophages in osteoarthritic (OA) synovial tissue. ASC were co-cultured in contact and in transwell with activated (GM-CSF + IFN gamma)-M1 macrophages. We analyzed IL1 beta, TNF alpha, IL6, MIP1 alpha/CCL3, S100A8, S100A9, IL10, CD163 and CD206 by qRT-PCR or immunoassays. Prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) blocking experiments were performed using PGE2 receptor antagonist.Results: In moderate grade OA synovium we did not always find a higher percentage of CD80 with respect to CD206. M1-like-activated macrophage factors IL1 beta, TNF alpha, IL6, MIP1 alpha/CCL3, S100A8 and S100A9 were down-modulated both in contact and in transwell by ASC. However, in both systems ASC induced the typical M2-like macrophage markers IL10, CD163 and CD206. Activated-M1-like macrophages pre-treated with PGE2 receptor antagonist failed to decrease secretion of TNFa, IL6 and to increase that of IL10, CD163 and CD206 when co-cultured with ASC confirming a PGE2 specific role.Conclusions: We demonstrated that ASC are responsible for the switching of activated-M1-like inflammatory macrophages to a M2-like phenotype, mainly through PGE2. This evidenced that activated-M1like macrophages may represent a relevant cell model to test the efficacy/potency of ASC and suggests a specific role of ASC as important determinants in therapeutic dampening of synovial inflammation in OA. (C) 2017 The Authors. Published by Elsevier Ltd behalf of Osteoarthritis Research Society International.
10.1016/j.joca.2017.01.011
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