Peer-Reviewed Journal Details
Mandatory Fields
Johnson, M. P.
2000
October
Temporally explicit habitat ecology and the coexistence of species
Published
()
Optional Fields
267
14561456
1967
1972
Habitats may have dynamics that exist independently of the population densities of species occupying the habitat. For example, ephemeral habitat patches may disappear regardless of whether a particular species is present or not. Such habitat dynamics are frequently modelled by ignoring age-related variation in patch turnover rates. This can be thought of as a temporally implicit approach. An alternative, temporally explicit approach involves using age-structured models in order to describe variations in habitat dynamics. Simple models of coexistence between competing species show that temporally implicit models may be misleading where there is age-related variation in patch dynamics. Changing the shape of the patch survivorship function but not the average patch survivorship can result in mutual extinction, monocultures or coexistence of an inferior and a superior competitor. An explicit treatment of habitat demography may therefore offer improved predictive models and alternative landscape management strategies.Habitats may have dynamics that exist independently of the population densities of species occupying the habitat. For example, ephemeral habitat patches may disappear regardless of whether a particular species is present or not. Such habitat dynamics are frequently modelled by ignoring age-related variation in patch turnover rates. This can be thought of as a temporally implicit approach. An alternative, temporally explicit approach involves using age-structured models in order to describe variations in habitat dynamics. Simple models of coexistence between competing species show that temporally implicit models may be misleading where there is age-related variation in patch dynamics. Changing the shape of the patch survivorship function but not the average patch survivorship can result in mutual extinction, monocultures or coexistence of an inferior and a superior competitor. An explicit treatment of habitat demography may therefore offer improved predictive models and alternative landscape management strategies.
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