Under the EUROPEAN initative of the European Social Fund, the Irish Productivity Centre (IPC) identified a need for Environmental Business Management (E.B.M.) education and training for S.M.E.s. The relevance of E.B.M. to S.M.E.s, arises from (1) a recognition that without E.B.M. there would be a loss of market share or potential market openings, (2) the risk of the company being held liable for environmental damage caused by its processes and products thus jeopardising the future of the compamy, (3) the improvement in profitability measures and by exploiting market openings for environmentally sound products.