Peer-Reviewed Journal Details
Mandatory Fields
Vero, SE,Healy, MG,Henry, T,Creamer, RE,Ibrahim, TG,Richards, KG,Mellander, PE,McDonald, NT,Fenton, O
2017
January
Agriculture Ecosystems & Environment
A framework for determining unsaturated zone water quality time lags at catchment scale
Published
()
Optional Fields
Time lag Soil Unsaturated Water framework directive Nitrate FUNCTIONAL LAND MANAGEMENT AGRICULTURAL CATCHMENTS HYDRAULIC PARAMETERS DAIRY FARM GROUNDWATER IRELAND DENITRIFICATION MITIGATION POLLUTION CONSEQUENCES
236
234
242
The responses of waterbodies to agricultural programmes of measures are frequently delayed by hydrological time lags through the unsaturated zone and groundwater. Time lag may therefore, impede the achievement of remediation deadlines such as those described in the EU Water Framework Directive (WFD). Omitting time lag from catchment characterisation renders evaluation of management practices impossible. Time lag aside, regulators at national scale can only manage the expectations of policy makers at larger scales (e.g. European Union) by demonstrating positive nutrient trajectories in catchments failing to achieve at least 'good' status. Presently, a flexible tool for developing spatial and temporal estimates of trends in water quality/nutrient transport and time lags is not available. The objectives of the present study were first to develop such a flexible, parsimonious framework incorporating existing soil maps, meteorological data and a structured modelling approach, and to secondly, to demonstrate its use in a grassland and an arable catchment (similar to 10 km(2)) in Ireland, assuming full implementation of measures in 2012. Data pertaining to solute transport (meteorology, soil hydraulics, depth of profile and boundary conditions) were collected for both catchments. Low complexity textural data alone gave comparable estimates of nutrient trajectories and time lags but with no spatial or soil series information. Taking a high complexity approach, coupling high resolution soil mapping (1:10,000) with national scale (1:25,000) representative profile datasets to <5 m depth, indicated trends in nutrient transport of 10-12 months and 13-17 months throughout the grassland and arable catchments, respectively. For the same conditions, regulators relying on data from groundwater sampling to test the efficacy of the present measures would be delayed by 61-76 months and 46-79 months, respectively. Variation in meteorological datasets enabled temporal analysis of the trends in nutrient transport and time lag estimates. Such a tool could help catchment scientists to better characterise and manage catchments, determine locations for monitoring or mitigation, assess the efficacy of current measures, and ultimately, advise policy makers and regulators. (C) 2016 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
10.1016/lagee.2016.12.001
Grant Details
Publication Themes