Peer-Reviewed Journal Details
Mandatory Fields
Ceburnis, D,Masalaite, A,Ovadnevaite, J,Garbaras, A,Remeikis, V,Maenhaut, W,Claeys, M,Sciare, J,Baisnee, D,O'Dowd, CD
2016
November
Scientific Reports
Stable isotopes measurements reveal dual carbon pools contributing to organic matter enrichment in marine aerosol
Published
Altmetric: 22WOS: 10 ()
Optional Fields
SEA SPRAY AEROSOL PHOTOSYNTHESIS PHYTOPLANKTON FRACTIONATION ATMOSPHERE ORIGIN
6
Stable carbon isotope ratios in marine aerosol collected over the Southern Indian Ocean revealed delta C-13 values ranging from -20.0% to -28.2%. The isotope ratios exhibited a strong correlation with the fractional organic matter (OM) enrichment in sea spray aerosol. The base-level isotope ratio of -20.0% is characteristic of an aged Dissolved Organic Matter (DOM) pool contributing a relatively homogeneous background level of DOM to oceanic waters. The range of isotope ratios, extending down to -28.2%, is characteristic of more variable, stronger, and fresher Particulate Organic Matter (POM) pool driven by trophic level interactions. We present a conceptual dual-pool POM-DOM model which comprises a 'young' and variable POM pool which dominates enrichment in sea-spray and an 'aged' but invariant DOM pool which is, ultimately, an aged end-product of processed 'fresh' POM. This model is harmonious with the preferential enrichment of fresh colloidal and nano-gel lipid-like particulate matter in sea spray particles and the observed depleted delta C-13 ratio resulting from isotope equilibrium fractionation coupled with enhanced plankton photosynthesis in cold water (-2 degrees C to + 8 degrees C). These results re-assert the hypothesis that OM enrichment in sea-spray is directly linked to primary production and, consequently, can have implications for climate-aerosol-cloud feedback systems.
10.1038/srep36675
Grant Details
Publication Themes