Campylobacter species, primarily Campylobacter jejuni and Campylobacter coli, are regarded as a major cause of human gastrointestinal disease, commonly acquired by eating undercooked chicken. We describe a PCR-ELISA for the detection of Campylobacter species and the discrimination of C. jejuni and C. coli in poultry samples. The PCR assay targets the 16S/23S ribosomal RNA intergenic spacer region of Campylobacter species with DNA oligonucleotide probes designed for the specific detection of C. jejuni, C. coli, and Campylobacter species immobilized on NucleoLink(TM) ells and hybridized to PCR products modified with a 5' biotin moiety. The limit of detection of the PCR-ELISA was 100-300 fg (40-120 bacterial cells) for C. jejuni and C. coli with their respective species-specific oligonucleotide probes and 10 fg (40-120 bacterial cells) with the Campylobacter genus-specific probe. Testing of poultry samples, which were presumptive positive for Campylobacter following culture on the Malthus V analyzer with the PCR-ELISA determined Campylobacter to he present in 100% of samples (n = 40) with mixed cultures of C. jejuni/C. coli in 55%. The PCR-ELISA when combined with culture pre-enrichment is able to detect the presence of Campylobacter and definitively identify C. jejuni and C. coli in culture-enriched poultry meat samples.