Peer-Reviewed Journal Details
Mandatory Fields
María Roel, Juan A. Rubiolo, Jorge Guerra-Varela, Siguara B. L. Silva, Olivier P. Thomas, Pablo Cabezas-Sainz, Laura Sánchez, Rafael López, Luis M. Botana
Marine guanidine alkaloids crambescidins inhibit tumor growth and activate intrinsic apoptotic signaling inducing tumor regression in a colorectal carcinoma zebrafish xenograft model
Optional Fields
crambescidins, cell cycle inhibition, apoptosis, zebrafish xenograft model, cancer treatment
The marine environment constitutes an extraordinary resource for the discovery of new therapeutic agents. In the present manuscript we studied the effect of 3 different sponge derived guanidine alkaloids, crambescidine-816, -830, and -800. We show that these compounds strongly inhibit tumor cell proliferation by down-regulating cyclin-dependent kinases 2/6 and cyclins D/A expression while up-regulating the cell cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitors -2A, -2D and -1A. We also show that these guanidine compounds disrupt tumor cell adhesion and cytoskeletal integrity promoting the activation of the intrinsic apoptotic signaling, resulting in loss of mitochondrial membrane potential and concomitant caspase-3 cleavage and activation. The crambescidin 816 anti-tumor effect was fnally assayed in a zebrafish xenotransplantation model confirming its potent antitumor activity against colorectal carcinoma in vivo. Considering these results crambescidins could represent promising natural anticancer agents and therapeutic tools.
Grant Details
Publication Themes
Biomedical Science and Engineering