Conference Contribution Details
Mandatory Fields
Pursell, L., Galvin, M., D'Eath, M., Keogh, M., Nic Gabhainn, S., O'Donovan, D.
Symposium for the anniversary of smoke-free workplaces
Attitudes of bar owners and workers in rural Galway before and after the smoking ban.
Office of Tobacco Control, Dublin
Oral Presentation
Optional Fields
29-MAR-06
29-MAR-06
The Galway element of the muticentre study of the respiratory health of bar workers (All Ireland Bar Study) recruited 68 bar owners (58%) or staff  (42%). Potential participants in all public bars in County Galway were initially contacted by letter. Arrangements were made with respondents to visit them at their place of work for completion of a questionnaire, repiratory tests and cotinine samples. Post-ban follow up visits are being arranged approximately 1 year after the initial visits. Follow up data are available to date (11 March) on 30 bar staff. In this presentation questions that addressed the attitudes of Galway bar workers and owners to the smoking ban are considered. Preliminary results of analysis of data before (n=68) and after the ban (n=30) are presented.   Participants were asked to state whether they agreed or disagreed with a series of statements positing either positive or negative aspects of the ban on smoking in public bars. They were also asked whether they agreed or disagreed with the ban in general.   Before the ban 68% agreed with the ban in general, 19% were undecided and 22% disagreed with the ban. Preliminary analysis of post-ban data revealed little difference in the distribution of these responses (67%, 10% and 23% respectively). Agreement with several of the statements, suggesting either negative or positive aspects of the ban, was associated with overall agreement / disagreement with the ban in general and with smoking status. For example, before the ban, 73% agreed with the statement that smoke free bars will make visits to them more comfortable. However, 87% of those who agreed with the ban in general, agreed with this statement compared to only 29% of those who disagreed with the ban in general. Similarly, of those who smoked, 48% agreed with this statement compared to 86% of non-smokers.   Comparison of responses to the series of statements before and after the ban, indicate some changes in the proportions agreeing or disagreeing with them. In particular, before the ban, preliminary results show 73% agreed that smoke free bars would make visits to them more comfortable; this has changed to 93% in agreement since the ban. After the ban 90% agreed that the smoking ban is needed to protect the health of workers compared to 59% before the ban. Seventy percent, however, now agree with the statement that the ban has resulted in job losses compared to 46% before the ban.   In conclusion, preliminary analyses of the attitudes of a subset of the Galway bar workers (30 out of 68) indicate overall support for the ban with some changes indicating increased support for some consequences of the ban  However, only tentative conclusions can be drawn from these small numbers.  Analyses of the changes in attitudes of bar staff from all four study areas (n=329) will be undertaken once the data collection process has been completed (end March 2005).
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