Peer-Reviewed Journal Details
Mandatory Fields
Mulder, J., ter Bogt, T., Raaijmakers, Q., Nic Gabhainn, S., Monshouwer, K. & Vollebergh, W.
2009
September
Substance Use And Misuse
The soundtrack of substance use: music preference as a risk factor for adolescent smoking and drinking.
Published
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Optional Fields
tobacco use alcohol use music preference adolescents HEAVY-METAL MUSIC ALCOHOL-USE RECKLESS BEHAVIOR MENTAL-HEALTH RAP MUSIC MEDIA YOUTH AMERICAN EXPOSURE CHILDREN
44
514
531
A connection between preferences for heavy metal, rap, reggae, electronic dance music, and substance use has previously been established. However, evidence as to the gender-specific links between substance use and a wider range of music genres in a nationally representative sample of adolescents has to date been missing. In 2003, the Dutch government funded the Dutch National School Survey on Substance Use (DNSSSU), a self-report questionnaire among a representative school-based sample of 7,324 adolescents aged 12 to 16 years, assessed music preference, tobacco, and alcohol use and a set of relevant covariates related to both substance use and music preference. Overall, when all other factors were controlled, punk/hardcore, techno/hardhouse, and reggae were associated with more substance use, while pop and classical music marked less substance use. While prior research showed that liking heavy metal and rap predicts substance use, in this study a preference for rap/hip-hop only indicated elevated smoking among girls, whereas heavy metal was associated with less smoking among boys and less drinking among girls. The types of music that mark increased substance use may vary historically and cross-culturally, but, in general, preferences for nonmainstream music are associated positively with substance use, and preferences for mainstream pop and types of music preferred by adults (classical music) mark less substance use among adolescents. As this is a correlational study no valid conclusions in the direction of causation of the music-substance use link can be drawn.
1082-6084
DOI 10.1080/10826080802347537
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