Peer-Reviewed Journal Details
Mandatory Fields
Lü, W,Wang, ZH,Hughes, BM
2016
August
International Journal Of Psychophysiology
The association between openness and physiological responses to recurrent social stress
Published
Altmetric: 2WOS: 12 ()
Optional Fields
Openness Social stress Physiological reactivity Physiological recovery Physiological adaptation RESPIRATORY SINUS ARRHYTHMIA MODEL PERSONALITY-TRAITS CARDIAC VAGAL TONE CARDIOVASCULAR REACTIVITY PUBLIC SPEAKING PSYCHOLOGICAL STRESS EMOTION REGULATION POSITIVE AFFECT ADAPTATION HABITUATION
106
135
140
The association between openness (assessed by shortened Chinese version of NEO Five-Factor Inventory, NEOFFI) and physiological reactivity to, and recovery from, social stress (a video-recorded, timed public speaking task with evaluators present in the room), and physiological adaptation to repeated social stress was examined in the present study. Subjective and physiological data were collected from 70 college students across five laboratory stages: baseline, stress exposure period 1, post-stress period 1, stress exposure period 2, and post-stress period 2. Results indicated that higher openness was associated with lesser heart rate (HR) reactivity to the first and second stress exposure, and lesser systolic blood pressure (SBP) reactivity to the second stress exposure. Higher openness was associated with higher resting respiratory sinus arrhythmia (RSA), lesser RSA withdrawals to the first stress exposure, and more complete RSA recovery after the first stress exposure. Moreover, higher openness was associated with pronounced systolic and diastolic blood pressure (SBP, DBP) adaptation with greater decreases in SBP and DBP reactivity across the two successive stress exposures. These findings might shed light on the biological basis lihking openness to health. (C) 2016 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
10.1016/j.ijpsycho.2016.05.004
Grant Details
Publication Themes