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Cullinan, J,Duggan, J
Spatial Economic Analysis
A School-Level Gravity Model of Student Migration Flows to Higher Education Institutions
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Optional Fields
Gravity model student migration negative binomial fixed-effects model Ireland C23 I23 R15 SOCIAL-CLASS COLLEGE CHOICE DECISIONS QUALITY IRELAND FIELD
This paper presents a gravity model of student migration flows to higher education institutions (HEIs) in Ireland. The analysis is performed on a novel dataset containing detailed information on a range of push' and pull' factors, allowing one to estimate the effects of a number of important school-level characteristics on these flows. This is achieved by estimating and comparing a fixed-effects Poisson model and two conditional fixed-effects negative binomial models and selecting the best model on the basis of the Akaike information criterion (AIC). The preferred negative binomial model accounts for over-dispersion in the student flow data and allows for estimation of the parameter coefficients of the HEI-invariant characteristics. The analysis suggests that while geography plays a very important role in explaining student flows, so too do a range of school-level characteristics. Furthermore, it is found that distance has a differential impact across HEIs and HEI types with important implications for policy-makers and HEI managers.
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