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Kola S;Walsh JC;Hughes BM;Howard S;
Journal Of Behavioral Medicine
Matching intra-procedural information with coping style reduces psychophysiological arousal in women undergoing colposcopy.
Altmetric: 1WOS: 12 ()
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This study assessed the combined effects of coping style and intra-procedural information on indices of distress (physiological measures, observed distress, self-report measures of anxiety and affect) among a group of patients undergoing colposcopy. High and low monitors were exposed to one of three interventions: high information (live video feed of colposcopy); low information (complete audiovisual distraction); and control. Results revealed a 2 (monitoring style)נ3 (information level)נ2 (time) interaction for systolic blood pressure (SBP), F(2, 111)=3.55, p=.032. Among low monitors, patients in the low-information group exhibited significant SBP reductions during colposcopy, while those in the high-information group exhibited SBP increases. Among high monitors, patients in the high-information and control groups exhibited SBP reductions. Further, significant differences in observed signs of distress were found between groups with high monitors in the low-information group faring best overall, F(2, 111)=4.41, p=.014. These findings indicate that tailoring information to suit individual coping style may maximize the apparent efficacy of interventions aimed at reducing stress during medical examinations.
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