Peer-Reviewed Journal Details
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McGuire, BE,Daly, P,Smyth, F
Journal Of Intellectual Disability Research
Chronic pain in people with an intellectual disability: under-recognised and under-treated?
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carers chronic pain intellectual disability pain assessment CEREBRAL-PALSY CHILDREN LIFE PREVALENCE COMMUNITY ADULTS IMPACT
AimTo examine the nature, prevalence and impact of chronic pain in adults with an intellectual disability (ID) based on carer report.MethodsPostal questionnaires were sent to 250 care-givers and 157 responses were received (63%).ResultsChronic pain was reported in 13% of the sample (n = 21), 6.3% had pain in two sites and 2% had pain in three or more sites. Of those with chronic pain, 19 experienced mild chronic pain, while severe pain was reported for two service users. Pain problems were more prevalent in those with a Mild ID than in those with more severe disability, perhaps reflecting the ability of the Mild group to communicate about their pain. Non-prescription medication was the most common form of treatment and there was a notable absence of involvement of specialist pain services.ConclusionsGiven their increased risk for chronic pain, we concluded that pain in the ID population may be under-recognised and under-treated, especially in those with impaired capacity to communicate about their pain.
DOI 10.1111/j.1365-2788.2010.01254.x
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