Peer-Reviewed Journal Details
Mandatory Fields
Dsouza, R,Subhash, H,Neuhaus, K,Kantamneni, R,McNamara, PM,Hogan, J,Wilson, C,Leahy, M
Lasers In Surgery And Medicine
Assessment of Curing Behavior of Light-Activated Dental Composites Using Intensity Correlation Based Multiple Reference Optical Coherence Tomography
Optional Fields
multiple reference optical coherence tomography light-activated resin correlation coefficient CD/DVD ROM pickup head RESIN COMPOSITES POLYMERIZATION SHRINKAGE SWEPT SOURCE MICROHARDNESS SPECTROSCOPY CONTRACTION DEPTH CURE
Background and Objectives: Monitoring the curing kinetics of light-activated resin is a key area of research. These resins are used in restorative applications and particularly in dental applications. They can undergo volumetric shrinkage due to poor control of the depth dependent curing process, modulated by the intensity and duration of the curing light source. This often results in the formation of marginal gaps, causing pain and damage to the restoration site. In this study, we demonstrate the capabilities of a correlation method applied using a multiple references optical coherence tomography (MROCT) architecture to monitor the curing of the resin.Study Design/Materials and Methods: A MR-OCT system is used in this study to monitor the curing of the resin. The system operates at the center wavelength of 1310nm with an A-scan rate of 1200 A-scans per second. The axial and lateral resolution of the system is similar to 13 mu m and similar to 27 mu m. The method to determine the intensity correlation between adjacent B-frames is based on the Pearson correlation coefficient for a region of interest. Calculating the correlation coefficient for multiple B-frames related to the first B-frame at regular spaced time points, shows for a noncured resin a reduction of the correlation coefficient over time due to Brownian motion. The time constant of the reduction of the correlation value is a measure for the progress of the polymerization during LED light irradiation of the resin. The proposed approach is potentially a low-cost, powerful and unique optical imaging modality for measuring the curing behavior of dental resin and other resins, coatings, and adhesives in medical and industrial applications.Results: To demonstrate the proposed method to monitor the curing process, a light-activated resin composite from GRADIA DIRECT ANTERIOR (GC Corporation, Japan) is studied. The curing time of resin was measured and monitored as a function of depth. The correlation coefficientmethod is highly sensitive to Brownianmotion. The process of curing results in a change in intensity as measured by the MR-OCT signal and hence can be monitored using this method.Conclusions: These results show that MR-OCT has the potential to measure the curing time and monitor the curing process as a function of depth. Moreover, MR-OCT as a product has potential to be compact, low-cost and to fit into a smartphone. Using such a device for monitoring the curing of the resin will be suitable for dentists in stationary and mobile clinical settings. (C) 2015 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
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