Twenty two years after the Rising, Yeats wondered about his role in the event: ‘Did that play of mine send out /Certain men the English shot?’ (‘The Man and the Echo, 1938) .The belief that literature affects politics is counterbalanced by the difficulty to prove or measure this relationship. Poets are likely to believe that books that people read affect historical events. But would actual revolutionaries agree? The relationship is hardly as straightforward as Yeats suggests. Besides, what people read (or see in the theatre) is not always confined to the national literature – some participants of the Rising read widely. They read Yeats, but they also read Emile Zola, and August Strindberg, and Henrik Ibsen. Can one say that these authors were equally responsible for sending out men the English shot? I would like to examine the question of interconnection between literature and the Rising by focusing on the Irish readers and admirers of Ibsen’s controversial (and allegedly obscene) plays.