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Griffin, TP,Browne, GA,Wall, D,Dennedy, MC,O'Shea, PM
2016
February
Journal Of Hypertension
A cross-sectional study of the effects of beta-blocker therapy on the interpretation of the aldosterone/renin ratio: can dosing regimen predict effect?
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beta-blocker aldosterone hypertension primary aldosteronism renin PLASMA-RENIN ACTIVITY SECONDARY HYPERTENSION BLOOD-PRESSURE DIAGNOSIS PREVALENCE FORMS PHARMACOKINETICS POPULATION SECRETION ATENOLOL
34
307
315
Context and aim:Aldosterone/renin ratio (ARR) is used as the primary screening tool for primary aldosteronism. Its interpretation is often challenging because of the interference of antihypertensive medication. -blocker therapy suppresses renin production by inhibiting -adrenergic receptors in the juxtaglomerular apparatus of the kidney and consequently aldosterone secretion (to a lesser extent). Therefore, -blocker therapy has the potential to elevate the ARR. The aim of this study was to investigate whether or not the effect of -blocker therapy on the ARR could be predicted from the dosing regimen.Methods:A prospective cross-sectional study was conducted. Participants were stratified into one of four groups (control/low/medium/high) based on the quantity of -blocker prescribed. ARR was calculated from renin/aldosterone, measured using two assay systems.Results:Eighty-nine volunteers were recruited to our study. In the control group, zero patients had a positive ARR using plasma renin activity (PRA)/direct renin concentration (DRC). In the low, medium, and high-dose -blocker groups between 8-25% of patients demonstrated screen positive ARR results for primary aldosteronism using DRC and PRA. DRC was significantly lower in patients in the medium/high-dose groups and PRA significantly lower in the low/medium/high-dose groups compared with controls. ARR using DRC was significantly higher in the medium/high-dose groups and ARR using PRA was significantly higher in the low/medium/high-dose groups compared with controls.Conclusion:Our study suggests that -blocker therapy is associated with an increased risk of positive ARR screens for primary aldosteronism irrespective of the dose of -blocker prescribed, in patients in whom it is clinically reasonable to expect that primary aldosteronism may be present.
10.1097/HJH.0000000000000775
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