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HOWELL, JAS,SQUIBB, AD,BELL, AG,MCARDLE, P,CUNNINGHAM, D,GOLDSCHMIDT, Z,GOTTLIEB, HE,HEZRONILANGERMAN, D,GREE, R
1994
November
Organometallics
RESOLUTION, RACEMIZATION, AND EPIMERIZATION IN ACYCLIC (DIENE)FE(CO)(2)L AND [(DIENYL)FE(CO)(2)L]X COMPLEXES (L=PHOSPHINE, PHOSPHITE)
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IRON TRICARBONYL COMPLEXES ABSOLUTE-CONFIGURATION DIASTEREOISOMER SEPARATION 1,2-NUCLEOPHILIC ADDITION ISOMERIZATION INTERMEDIATE DIENE (+)-NEOMENTHYLDIPHENYLPHOSPHINE FUMARALDEHYDE HYDROLYSIS
13
4336
4351
A variety of substituted (2,4-pentadienal)-, (methyl 2,4-pentadienoate)-, and (3,5-heptadien-2-one)Fe(CO)(2)L complexes have been prepared (L = PPh(3), P(OMe)(3), chiral phosphine); absolute configurations have been assigned by a combination of CD and single-crystal X-ray diffraction studies. The aldehyde and ketone complexes exhibit facile racemization or epimerization in solution (80-100 degrees C, benzene or toluene); the rates increase with increasing electron donor character of the 5-substituent, while diastereoface selectivity in the chiral phosphine series depends both on the phosphine and on the steric bulk of the 5-substituent. [(dienyl)Fe(CO)(2)L]X salts also exhibit epimerization or racemization in solution. VT NMR studies have established axial/basal and s-cis/s-trans ratios in solution. For the aldehyde series, the correlation between the s-cis/s-trans ratio and the diastereoselectivity of nucleophilic attack (MeLi, MeMgI) has been examined. Crystal data: 14a, orthorhombic, space group P2(1)2(1)2(1), a = 9.860(4) Angstrom, b = 35.815(9) Angstrom, c = 16.519(4) Angstrom, Z = 4, R(1) = 0.0431 for 669 parameters and 8706 observed reflections; 15b, monoclinic, space group P2(1), a = 8.7353(9) Angstrom, b = 18.055(3) Angstrom, c = 9.9894(11) Angstrom, beta = 113.395(8)degrees, Z = 2, R(1) = 0.0380 for 335 parameters and 4328 observed reflections; 17a, orthorhombic, space group P2(1)2(1)2(1), a = 10.151(3) Angstrom, b = 14.780(3) Angstrom, c = 17.804(4) Angstrom, Z = 4, R(1) 0.0481 for 302 parameters and 1583 observed reflections; 23, triclinic, space group P $($) over bar$$ 1, a = 12.081(2) Angstrom, b = 13.914(2) Angstrom, c = 16.835(2) Angstrom, alpha = 93.33(2)degrees, beta = 109.47(2)degrees, gamma = 113.18(2)degrees, Z = 4, R(1) = 0.0788 for 579 parameters and 9425 observed reflections
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