The kinetics of the reaction of various sulfamoyl chlorides, (RRNSO2Cl)-R-1-N-2 (R-1 = Ph, Me, c-C6H11, Bu-t, R-2 = H and R-1 = R-2 = Me and R-1 = R-2 = PhCH2) with anilines in chloroform and acetonitrile have been studied. Reaction is first order in both chloride and aniline and pseudo first order and second order rate constants have been determined for various chlorides and para- and meta-substituted anilines. Hammett rho values vary from -4.76 to -2.63 for varying XC6H4NH2 depending on the halide, X. Substituents in XC6H4NHSO2Cl have only small effects on the rates. There is a ca. 10(6)-fold rate difference between PhNHSO2Cl and (PhCH2)(2)NSO2Cl reacting with p-anisidine in chloroform at 25 degrees C. This finding, coupled with the observation of hydrogen/deuterium isotope effects, supports the operation of an elimination mechanism involving an N-sulfonylamine, [PhN=SO2], as a transient species. In chloroform an E2-type mechanism is suggested, while in acetonitrile the activation parameters (Delta H, Delta S) may indicate a more E1cB-like E2 mechanism.