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Mandatory Fields
Wilson, AM,Kiriakoulakis, K,Raine, R,Gerritsen, HD,Blackbird, S,Allcock, AL,White, M
2015
December
Marine Pollution Bulletin
Anthropogenic influence on sediment transport in the Whittard Canyon, NE Atlantic
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Trawling Suspended particulate matter Resuspension Turbidity Enhanced nepheloid layers Whittard Canyon SUBMARINE CANYONS ORGANIC-CARBON DEEP RESUSPENSION GULF IMPACT SEASONALITY DYNAMICS CURRENTS MATTER
101
320
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Unusual peaks in turbidity were detected in two branches of the Whittard Canyon in June 2013. Enhanced nepheloid layers (ENLs) were defined as layers with concentrations of suspended particulate matter exceeding those of nepheloid layers typically observed in a given region. Here, ENLs had peaks in turbidity and elevated suspended particulate matter concentrations exceeding similar to 1 mg L-1 with the largest ENLs measuring between similar to 2-8 mg L-1. The ENLs measured similar to 100-260 m in vertical height and were detected in water depths of between 640 and 2880 m. Vessel Monitoring System data showed that high spatial and temporal activity of potential bottom trawling vessels coincided with the occurrence of the ENLs. Molar C/N ratios of the suspended organic material from the ENLs showed a high degree of degradation. Regular occurrences of such events are likely to have implications for increased sediment fluxes, burial of organic carbon and alteration of benthic and canyon ecosystems. (c) 2015 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
10.1016/j.marpolbul.2015.10.067
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