Continuous Stirred Tank Reactors (CSTRs), operated in batch mode, were used to evaluate the feasibility of psychrophilic (low temperature) digestion of perennial rye grass in a long term experiment (150 days) for the first time. The reactors were operated in parallel at 3 different temperatures, 10, 15 and 37 W C. Hydrolysis, acidification and methanogenesis were assessed by VS degradation, by soluble chemical oxygen demand (SCOD) and volatile fatty acids (VFA) production, and by methane production, respectively. Hydrolysis was the rate-limiting step at all temperatures and the rates and extent of hydrolysis were considerably lower at 15 and 10 degrees C, than at 37 degrees C. The total VS degradation was 53%, 34% and 19% at 37, 15 and 10 degrees C, respectively. Acidification was not affected by temperature and VFA production and consumption was balanced in all cases, except at 10 degrees C. Methane yields were 0.215 m(3) CH4 kg(-1) VS-1 added, 0.160 m(3) CH4 kg(-1) VS-1 added and 0.125 m(3) CH4 kg(-1) VS-1 added at 37, 15 and 10 degrees C, respectively. Methanogenesis was not strongly affected at 15 degrees C but it became rate-limiting at 10 degrees C. Overall, the solid degradation and methane production performance under psychrophilic conditions was encouraging and greater than previously reported. Considering the non-acclimated, mesophilic nature of the inoculum, there are grounds to believe that low-temperature anaerobic digestion of grass could be feasible if coupled to efficient hydrolysis of the biomass.