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Coffey, JC,Dillon, M,Sehgal, R,Dockery, P,Quondamatteo, F,Walsh, D,Walsh, L
2015
January
Mesenteric-Based Surgery Exploits Gastrointestinal, Peritoneal, Mesenteric and Fascial Continuity from Duodenojejunal Flexure to the Anorectal Junction - A Review
Published
1
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Complete mesocolic excision Mesentery Colon cancer COMPLETE MESOCOLIC EXCISION COLON-CANCER SURVIVAL LIGATION ANATOMY
Introduction: It is now well established that mesenteric-based colorectal surgery is associated with superior outcomes. Recent anatomic observations have demonstrated that the mesenteric organ is contiguous from the duodenojejunal to the anorectal junction. This led to similar observations in relation to associated peritoneum and fascia. The aim of this review was to demonstrate the relevance of the contiguity principle to resectional colorectal surgery. Methods: All literature in relation to mesenteric anatomy was reviewed from 1873 to the present, without language restriction. Results: Mesenteric-based surgery (i.e. complete mesocolic excision, total nnesocolic and mesorectal excision) requires division of the peritoneal reflection (i.e. peritonotomy), and mesenteric mobilisation in the mesofascial plane. These are the fundamental technical elements of mesenterectomy. Mesenteric, peritoneal and fascial contiguity mean that in resectional surgery, these technical elements can be reproducibly applied at all levels from the origin at the superior mesenteric root, to the anorectal junction. Conclusions: The goals of complete mesocolic, total mesocolic and mesorectal excision can be universally achieved at any level from duodenojejunal flexure to anorectal junction, by adopting technical elements based on mesenteric, peritoneal and fascia! contiguity. (C) 2015 S. Karger AG, Basel
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10.1159/000431365
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